ori/git9

Description
Git for Plan 9: git/fs
======================

All commits in this repository were made with git9 running on 9front.

About
-----

Plan 9 is a non-posix system. Upstream git has been ported, but feels
distinctly un-plan9ish, and even in its native environment, has been
justifiably tarred and feathered for its user experience.

Git/fs implements a git client for plan 9.  The intent is to support
working with git repositories, without cloning the git interface
directly.

Git/fs is my daily driver. It's solid, and works well for my needs.

Getting Started
---------------

Get a bootstrap copy:

	% cd /tmp
	% hget https://orib.dev/git/git9/HEAD/snap.tar.gz | tar xvz
	% cd git9
	% mk all
	% mk install

Then get an updatable version from git:

	% cd $home/src
	% git/clone gits://orib.dev/git9
	% cd git9
	% mk all
	% mk install

Configure your user name and email:

	% mkdir -p $home/lib/git
	% echo '
	[user]
		name=Ori Bernstein
		email=ori@eigenstate.org
	' > $home/lib/git/config

Read the docs:

	% man 1 git
	% man 4 gitfs

And start committing!

Structure
---------

The git/fs program provides a file system mounted on $repo/.git/fs.
It provides a read-only view into the repository contents to allow
scripts to inspect the data.  Surrounding scripts and binaries will
manipulate the repository contents directly.  These changes will be
immediately mirrored in the file system.

Scripts will generally mount git/fs as needed to do
their work, but if you want to browse the repository
manually, run it yourself. You'll get `$repo/.git/fs` mounted,
with the following contents:

	$repo/.git/fs/object:	The objects in the repo.
	$repo/.git/fs/branch:	The branches in the repo.
	$repo/.git/fs/ctl:		A file showing the status of the repo.
				Currently, it only shows the current branch.
	$repo/.git/fs/HEAD		An alias for the currently checked out
				commit directory.

Visible Differences
-------------------

The most obvious difference is that Git's index is a bit boneheaded, so I'm
ignoring it.  The index doesn't affect the wire protocol, so this
isn't an interoperability issue, unless you share the same physical
repository on both Plan 9 and Unix.  If you do, expect them to disagree
about the files that have been modified in the working copy.

In fact, the entire concept of the staging area has been dropped, as
it's both confusing and clunky.  There are now only three states that
files can be in: 'untracked', 'dirty', and 'committed'.  Tracking is
done with empty files under .git/index9/{removed,tracked}/path/to/file.

It's implemented in Plan 9 flavor C, and provides tools for writing
repository contents, and a file system for read-only access, which
will mirror the current state of the repository.

Installation
------------

Install with `mk install`.

Examples
--------

Some usage examples:

	git/clone git://git.eigenstate.org/ori/mc.git
	git/log
	cd subdir/name
	git/add foo.c
	diff bar.c $repo/.git/fs/HEAD/
	git/commit foo.c
	git/push

Commits are presented as directories with the following
contents:

	author:	A file containing the author name
	hash:	A file containing the commit hash
	parent:	A file containing the commit parents, one per line.
	msg:	A file containing the log message for that commit
	tree:	A directory containing a view of the repository.

So, for example:

	% ls $repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master
	$repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/author
	$repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/hash
	$repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/msg
	$repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/parent
	$repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/tree
	% cat $repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/hash
	7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9

	# This is the same commit, with the same contents.
	% ls $repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef
	$repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef/author
	$repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef/hash
	$repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef/msg
	$repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef/parent
	$repo/.git/fs/object/7d539a7c08aba3f31b3913e0efef11c43ea9f9ef/tree

	# what git/diff will hopefully do more concisely soon, filtering
	# out the non-git files.
	ape/diff -ur $repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/tree .
	Only in .: .git
	Only in .: debug
	diff -ur $repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/tree/fold.myr ./fold.myr
	--- $repo/.git/fs/branch/heads/master/tree/fold.myr	Wed Dec 31 16:00:00 1969
	+++ ./fold.myr	Mon Apr  1 21:39:06 2019
	@@ -6,6 +6,8 @@
	 	const foldexpr : (e : expr# -> std.option(constval))
	 ;;
	 
	+/* Look, diffing files just works, and I don't need any fancy glue! */
	+
	 const foldexpr = {e
	 	match e
	 	| &(`Eident &[.sc=`Sclassenum, .name=name, .ty=`Tyenum &(`Body enum)]):
	Only in .: refs

	
The following utilities and binaries are provided:

	fs:	The git filesystem.
	fetch:	The protocol bits for getting data from a git server.
	send:	The protocol bits for sending data to a git server.
	save:	The gnarly bits for storing the files for a commit.
	conf:	A program to extract information from a config file.
	clone:	Clones a repository.
	commit:	Commits a snapshot of the selected files.
	log:	Prints the contents of a commmit log.
	add:	Tells the repository to add a file to the next commit.
	walk:	`du`, but for git status.
	...	and more

Supported protocols: git:// and git+ssh://. If someone
implements others, I'll gladly accept patches.

9legacy Notes
-------------

To use git9 on 9legacy, these patches are necessary.

	- rc-line-split: implement delim{...} syntax for rc
	- walk: port walk command to 9legacy.
	- aux/getflags: 9front updated it with support for named args

Additionally, git9 defaults to editing with hold(1). This command
is not present on 9legacy. Import it, or set $editor to your choice
of editor.
Last 5 commits (shortlog)
Date Author Short message Commit hash
2021-06-07 Ori utils: avoid uninterruptible temporary 30f251641bc3be46341341f435f06a9d927b591f
2021-06-06 Ori git/branch: diff clean and dirty correctly d257e6478745710e03fa8699bc0b367bf7c0b8e8
2021-06-06 Ori git/branch: revert optimization fully 87c0ea513b47a88f450912e63e689728f9213b5c
2021-06-06 Ori git/branch: explain why we do the mkdir dance cda9631838ad97427fdbd615a20bea806cb59915
2021-06-06 Ori git/send: allow the remote to have refs that we don't 36224fde10f6d42dbd12d1bb8e4010f91f18a1a7
Files (browse)
.build.yml
LICENSE
README
add
branch
clone
commit
common.rc
compat
conf.c
delta.c
diff
export
extra/
fetch.c
fs.c
git.1.man
git.h
gitfs.4.man
import
init
log.c
merge
mkfile
objset.c
ols.c
pack.c
proto.c
pull
push
query.c
rebase
ref.c
repack.c
revert
rm
save.c
send.c
serve.c
util.c
walk.c